One of the largest energy consumers responsible for 40% of the energy consumed and 36% of CO2 emissions in the EU8 is the building stock. Up to 75-85% of EU buildings are considered as energy inefficient (≈30 billion m2), however they will continue to be utilized till at least 2050 rendering renovation crucial. RESPONSE aims to turn energy sustainability into a double vision by solving the energy trilemma (security, equity/affordability, environmental sustainability) at building, block and district levels in smart cities. To this aim, RESPONSE builds upon intelligent integrated and interconnected energy systems coupled with demand-oriented city infrastructures, governance models and services that foster energy sustainability.
The deployment of citizen-centric Positive Energy Districts enabling active citizen participation and empowerment will be an important step to generate a global positive impact on energy sustainability and climate change.