CREATE aims at developing innovative membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) for low-temperature FC and EL and unitized FC with much reduced cost. This will be achieved via elimination or drastic reduction of critical raw materials in their catalysts, enabling cost-efficient solutions to reversibly store electricity in the form of H2. To overcome the limitations of actual technologies, a dual strategy is considered:
- Shifting from PEM-based cells to pure anion-conducting polymer electrolytes: highly active PGM-free or ultralow-PGM catalysts at high pH
- Shifting from PEM-based cells to bipolar-membrane polymer electrolytes: bipolar membranes with low-pH electrode (fuel side) and high-pH electrode (oxygen side).